Vapor phase nitration of benzene
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Vapor phase nitration of benzene by Richard Herman Wilhelm

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Published in New York City .
Written in English


  • Benzene.,
  • Nitration.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementby Richard H. Wilhelm.
LC ClassificationsQD341.H9 W565 1935
The Physical Object
Pagination4 p. l., 31 p.
Number of Pages31
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6350906M
LC Control Number37006194

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The nitration process is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group (NO 2) into an organic chemical term is also applied (somewhat incorrectly) to the different process of forming nitrate esters between alcohol derivatives and nitric acid, as occurs in the synthesis of nitroglycerin. Lianhai Lu, Ho-In Lee, in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, 1 INTRODUCTION. Nitration is an important chemical reaction widely used in commercial manufacturing of various nitro-aromatics. Concentrated H 2 SO 4 has been currently used as the most effective and efficient catalyst in a large-scale liquid phase nitration process. In the traditional nitration . Benzene is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula C 6 H benzene molecule is composed of six carbon atoms joined in a ring with one hydrogen atom attached to each. As it contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms, benzene is classed as a hydrocarbon.. Benzene is a natural constituent of crude oil and is one of the elementary al formula: C₆H₆. Gas phase nitration of benzene on ZSM-5 zeolite has been studied at –°C. Increase in the HNO3/C6H6 ratio of the starting mixture was shown to increase the nitrobenzene yield.

Nitration of toluene has been studied in the liquid phase over a series of modified zirconia catalysts. Zirconia, zirconia- ceria (ZrCe)O2, sulfated zirconia and sulfated zirconia- . @article{osti_, title = {GAMMA RADIATION NITRATION OF ALKANES}, author = {Albright, L F and Lee, R}, abstractNote = {The production of nitroalkanes by vapor-phase nitration of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons of the paraffin series at to deg C using nitric acid and oxides of nitrogen in the presence of oxygen and gamma radiation is described. Nitrierung gesättigter Kohlenwasserstoffe mit Stickstoffdioxyd in flüssiger Phase G. Geiseler Angewandte Chemie 67 (), Cited by:   Benzene is a solid below 42°F (°C). DESCRIPTION: Benzene is used to make chemicals used in the manufacture of industrial products such as dyes, detergents, explosives, pesticides, synthetic rubber, plastics, and pharmaceuticals. Benzene is found in gasoline and trace amounts are found in cigarette smoke.

Ethylbenzene is an organic compound with the formula C 6 H 5 CH 2 CH is a highly flammable, colorless liquid with an odor similar to that of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon is important in the petrochemical industry as an intermediate in the production of styrene, the precursor to polystyrene, a common plastic material. In , more than 99% of Chemical formula: C₈H₁₀. Benzene, however, is an extraordinary 36 kcal/mole more stable than expected. This sort of stability enhancement is now accepted as a characteristic of all aromatic compounds. A molecular orbital description of benzene provides a more satisfying and more general treatment of . Vapor-phase iodobenzene is degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals(SRC); the half-life for this reaction in air is estimated to be 15 days(SRC), calculated from its rate constant of X cu cm/molecule-sec at 25 °C(3). Iodobenzene is not expected to undergo hydrolysis in the environment due.   The following paragraphs describe aniline production from nitrobenzene via a liquid-phase hydrogenation process, similar to the one owned by DuPont (Wilmington, Del.; ). The process can be divided into three main parts: nitrobenzene hydrogenation, dehydration and purification.